A variety of sources was consulted for the writing of all materials accompanying these films. They are listed below, divided into motion picture sources, Spanish-American War sources, and Philippine Revolution sources.
|Motion picture sources|
American Mutoscope & Biograph Company catalogs.
Bitzer, G. W. "Filming My First War: 1898" in Billy Bitzer: His Story. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1973.
Edison Manufacturing Company catalogs.
Musser, Charles. Before the Nickelodeon: Edwin S. Porter and the Edison Manufacturing Company. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.
Musser, Charles. Edison Motion Pictures, 1890-1900: An Annotated Filmography. Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997.
Musser, Charles. The Emergence of Cinema: The American Screen to 1907 (vol. 1 of History of the American Cinema). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1990.
Musser, Charles. Thomas A. Edison and His Kinetographic Motion Pictures. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1995.
Niver, Kemp R. Early Motion Pictures: The Paper Print Collection in the Library of Congress. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1985.
|Spanish-American War sources|
Feuer, A. B. The Spanish-American War at Sea: Naval Action in the Atlantic. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1995.
Nofi, Albert A. The Spanish-American War, 1898. Conshohocken, PA: Combined Books, 1996.
Smith, Joseph. The Spanish-American War: Conflict in the Caribbean and the Pacific, 1895-1902. New York: Longman Group Limited, 1994.
Trask, David F. The War with Spain in 1898. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1981.
West, Richard S., Jr. Admirals of American Empire. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1948.
|Philippine Revolution sources|
Bain, David Haward. Sitting in Darkness: Americans in the Philippines. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1984.
Crouch, Thomas W. A Leader of Volunteers: Frederick Funston and the 20th Kansas in the Philippines, 1898-1899. Lawrence, KS: Coronado Press, 1984.
Linn, Brian McAllister. The U.S. Army and Counterinsurgency in the Philippine War, 1899-1902. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1989.
Sexton, William Thaddeus. Soldiers in the Sun: An Adventure in Imperialism. Harrisburg, PA: The Military Service Publishing Company, 1939.