|Charge of the 92nd Ill. M.I.V.
This collection presents 111 images of drawings and text, depicting
both important events and everyday scenes from the Civil War.
|On the road from Hyattstown
sketches show in great detail the uniforms of different regiments and
ranks of soldiers; others show troop movements by specific regiments.
Small towns are shown with Union troops passing through them, and other
southern landscapes including plantations are depicted. Many scenes were
drawn very quickly and roughly, in order to capture newsworthy events.
Others are carefully crafted satires, like "24 Weeks on the Potomac" which
shows McClellan and Beauregard contemplating one another across the
Potomac River during a stalemate early in the war. On the back
(verso) of some of these sketches the artist described the
scene and general battle atmosphere in great detail.
This collection of drawings from the New-York Historical Society's
Museum Department was acquired from the collection of J. Kavanaugh,
Rutherford, N.J. in 1945. The pencil, pen-and-ink, crayon and wash
drawings range in size from 5 x 5 inches to 19 x 12 inches. They were
made by "special artists" employed by Frank Leslie's Illustrated
Newspaper, and used as a basis for the wood engravings that illustrated
it. Many of the artists were professionals such as John Francis Edward
Hillen and E.B. Bensell.
Others were soldiers and others in the field who submitted their
drawings for publication.
|Going on board the boat at Montgomery Ala.
The sketches were made from the earliest days of the war, in April
1861, when troops were being moved to defend Washington, to February 1865,
when the U.S. flag was raised over Fort Sumter after being recaptured by
Union troops. Some date from April and May 1865, when Lincoln's body was
lying in state after his assassination. The sketches were able to capture
action that photographs were not able to convey at the time, and provide
immediacy lacking in the other medium.
The collection has 85 sheets, some of which have drawings on both sides
paper. Others have descriptions or letters to Frank Leslie or
descriptions on the verso. In these cases, the backs of the drawings were
also imaged and described; the records for front and back are linked as