African-American Sheet Music, 1850-1920


  • Timeline
    • 1865-1910

Browse Collection by:

View more collections from the Library of Congress/Ameritech National Digital Library Competition

Links marked * go to Web pages at the awardee institution.

Collection Connection
Classroom resources for teachers

The Development of an African-American Musical Theatre 1865-1910


The Creole Show (1890-1897)

In the early 1890s, the traditional minstrel format began to change, as elements of vaudeville began to be incorporated. Women appeared as featured performers and were often elegantly costumed and attractively presented. The Creole Show was the first of this type to be presented, touring from 1890 to 1897; Sam Lucas was involved in its early years. Later performers included the cakewalk dancers Charles Johnson and Dora Dean; Ernest Hogan appeared for many years with the show.


Cover of sheet music

descriptive record icon enlarge image icon [Detail] "Coon, Coon, Coon." Dora Dean and Charles Johnson. 1899.