Captain Pearl R. Nye: Life on the Ohio and Erie Canal

Timeline 1803-1950


View down a span of water enclosed by concrete walls on two sides.
descriptive record icon enlarge image icon General view of lock chamber and gates at 14 Mile Lock, circa 1968. Library of Congress, Prints and Photograph Division. Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record.

Charles Carroll (last surviving signer of Declaration of Independence) drives the first spike of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O). B&O chartered to connect the port of Baltimore, Maryland to the Ohio River.

Ohio and Erie Canal opens from Akron, Ohio to Massillon, Ohio. The canal is 65 miles long.


Ohio and Erie Canal opens from Massillon, Ohio to Dover, Ohio. The canal is 93 miles long.


Ohio and Erie Canal opens from Dover, Ohio to Newark, Ohio. The canal is 177 miles long.


Ohio and Erie Canal opens from Newark, Ohio to Chillicothe, Ohio. The canal is 258 miles long.

Line drawing showing a boat in a canal.
  Cross-section of Ohio and Erie Canal. Courtesy of Cuyahoga Valley National Park Association.